HOG DEER/Behaviour, Distribution, Habitat, Size, Weight, IUCN stetus

HOG DEER

DESCRIPTION: A medium-sized grassland deer, the Hog Deer is stouter and has
shorter legs than the Chital, and is larger and more rounded in form than the
Barking Deer. Its stout rump and lowered forequarters give it a pig-like
appearance. The young are sandy and spotted indistinctly on the flanks while the
adults have a speckled appearance due to the white-tipped hairs on their olive–
brown coat. The coat is darker and glossier in winter and has a yellow overtone
with pale brown or white spots appearing indistinctly in summers. In some
individuals, these spots appear along the median dorsal line, but in others they
appear all over the body. The north–eastern males appear darker than in the
western parts of its range. There is no neck ruff and the facial glands are less
developed. The underside of the body is white and the large, rounded ears are
fringed white. Stags have prominent pedicles (that sometimes confuse it with the
Barking Deer) with antlers bearing three tines. After a short brow tine, the beam is
straight and then divides into a longer fore tine and a shorter hind tine.
93 The
antlers are shorter than the other large deer but considerably longer than its own
head and fairly thickset. It has a brown tail with a white flashing underside like
the Chital and the Barking Deer.
BEHAVIOUR: When alarmed, it erects its tail, calls in a low bark like the Chital
and scurries into the grass with its neck lowered and stretched out. It is also
known to make a whistling sound and a bleating call.
DISTRIBUTION: Through the plains of the rivers Indus, the Ganga and the
Brahmaputra and some of its tributaries, from Punjab in the west to Assam and
Arunachal Pradesh in the North–East but found mostly in protected areas in this
belt.
HABITAT: Lowland, wet, tall grasslands interspersed with forest, swamp or
riverine areas. Avoids closed canopy forests.

Size: 130–150 cm

Wt: 30–55 kg

IUCN Status: Least Concern

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