INDIAN GAZELLE/Behaviour, Distribution, Habitat, Size, Weight, IUCN stetus

INDIAN GAZELLE


DESCRIPTION: Arguably the most elegant ungulate in India, the Chinkara is a sandy or tawny brown, medium-sized antelope with long neck, ears and legs. The underparts are white and the tail is dark brown set in the middle of two white streaks. White and dark rufous streaks down the face, a dark nose-bridge and a white fleck on the forehead are characteristic. Both sexes have thin lyrate horns. The male horns are annulated with 10–20 well-formed rings. The female horn is smaller, straighter and thinner. The horns are relatively straight and curve slightly outward only at the tip. In the nominate race the animal is sandy brown, the line separating the upper parts from the underparts and the rump is indistinct and the horns are average-sized.The desert subspecies G.b. christii is the smallest, very light, with no dark markings at all, the horns are of the same size as the nominate race, and the female is much smaller than the male. The salt-range subspecies G.b. salinarum is the largest, with the longest horns, the most tawny, the lateral line is distinct and the female is almost as large as the male.
BEHAVIOUR: Uniquely adapted to go for long periods without drinking water and to obtain moisture from its forage. Ingests soil along with its forage.
DISTRIBUTION: The arid and semi-arid parts of western and central India from Punjab and Rajasthan, eastward through the Gangetic valley and southward to the Deccan Plateau. G.b. salinarum in Punjab and Haryana east to Gwalior; G.b. christii in Gujarat and western Rajasthan; G.b. bennettii, south of the Gangetic basin to the Deccan Plateau.
HABITAT: Open scrub, thorn forest, marginal dry deciduous forest, arid and semi-arid habitats, sand dunes. In Rajasthan, known to be partial to Zizyphus–Capparis–Prosopis dominated arid lands.

Size: 60–110 cm,

Wt:15–23 kg

IUCN Status: Least Concern

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