INDIAN WILD PIG/Behaviour, Distribution, Habitat, Size, Weight, IUCN stetus



DESCRIPTION: A large forest pig, the Indian Wild Pig is one of the most widely distributed of all ungulates in the world. It has a short muzzle, with the snout disc being perpendicular to the axis of the head. It has no facial warts and has large ears. The fur is brown, tinged with black and grey hairs. There is a stiff mane of ‘hog bristles’ along the back. The face, cheeks and throat have whitish markings. The legs are long and narrow and the medial false hooves are long. It grows relatively large, visible upper tushes in males. The sow is distinctly smaller than the male, has shorter tushes, a shorter mane, and has four to six pairs of mammae. The piglets have longitudinal stripes for the first six months or so. It is believed that the three subspecies of Indian Wild Pig form a common taxonomic group called the Indian group. Of these, S. s. cristatus, the northern Wild Pig, has a long mane till the rump and dark or black brindling in the fur. S.s. affinis, the southern Wild Pig, is browner and larger than the northern race while S.s. davidi, the western Wild Pig, is smaller and the lightest in colour, with a long mane but no dark markings on the legs. Two indeterminate feral forms, which are much smaller than the mainland forms, exist in the Andaman & Nicobar Islands. The Little Andaman pigs have developed over the years into a ‘long- snouted’ and a ‘short-snouted form’. The Nicobarese pig has not been studied to any great extent.
BEHAVIOUR: Extremely pugnacious, an angry Wild Pig can cause more damage than larger beasts, as it rarely abandons a charge. The dorsal crest is erected during fierce fights. Wallows in shallow mud pools and scrapes that indicate resting or feeding spots are indirect signs of the pig.
DISTRIBUTION: Present throughout India except the arid areas of Rajasthan and Gujarat and the high Himalayas. S.s. cristatus extends from the Himalayan foothills east through to north–east India and south through to River Godavari, south of which S.s. affinis is distributed. S.s. davidi is found in the arid region of the north–west, including Gujarat, Rajasthan and western Punjab and Haryana. Little Andaman Island are probably the last haunt of the Andaman feral pig.
HABITAT: All habitats including scrub, grassland, mixed deciduous and evergreen forests. Found in agricultural fields along forest fringes throughout its range.

Size: HBL: 50–200 cm

Wt: 45–320 kg

IUCN Status: Least concern 


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