PYGMYHOG/Behaviour, Distribution, Habitat, Size, Weight, IUCN stetus



DESCRIPTION: The rarest and most endangered of all wild pigs globally, the Pygmy Hog was feared to be extinct until it was rediscovered in 1971. It was assigned a monotypic genus status due to its extremely reduced, streamlined, ‘bullet-shaped’ body that tapers from higher hindquarters to lower forequarters and equally reduced ears and tail. At first sight, it is a miniaturized wild pig with a much shorter snout and tail. Like the Eurasian Wild Pig, the snout disc is perpendicular to the axis of the head and there are no facial warts. The extremely short tail is not visible in the field and the animal appears tailless. Adults are grey–brown to black in colour, and the male is slightly darker than the female. The male develops a white ‘moustachial’ stripe or patch on either cheek when adult and also bears small tushes, which are not really visible in the field, and not even very well on close quarters but that can inflict gashes as deep as those of the Wild Boar. The female is slightly smaller and has only three pairs of mammae. The young are lighter with very faint stripes that are visible for a few weeks. The dentition is exactly the same as that of S. scrofa.
BEHAVIOUR: Pygmy Hogs are known to groom each other often and make soft grunting sounds as they forage, both of which help form and keep sounders together. They are unique in building grass nests for resting and sleeping.
DISTRIBUTION: North–western Assam, largely restricted to the Bodoland Territorial Council areas north of River Brahmaputra. Manas NP has a naturally occurring population. Reintroductions are on in Sonai Rupai and Orang, and potentially in Nameri and Barnadi WLS.
HABITAT: Tall Terai grassland (2–3 m in height) comprising mainly of Saccharum spontaneum, Narenga porphyrocoma, Imperata cylindrica, Sacharum bengalensis and Themeda villosa. The species prefers habitat that is moist but not inundated for several months of the year and critically undisturbed by human activity.

Size: 40–70 cm, 

Wt: Unknown

IUCN Status: Critically


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