WILD BUFFALO/Behaviour, Distribution, Habitat, Size, Weight, IUCN stetus


DESCRIPTION: Large, black and robust with flat sweeping horns, the Wild Buffalo is considered to be one of the most dangerous animals to encounter in India. It is a sleeker, heavier version of the domestic buffalo and has the largest horns of any animal in the world. There are two horn types: in one, the horns curve upwards in a semicircle and almost meet at the tips; in the other, they grow in a parallel fashion upwards and then inwards. It does not have the dewlap of the Gaur, nor the ridge of the yak or the Gaur, and the back is flat, almost parallel to the ground. The body is dark grey, tending to be wet and black and largely hairless. The tail is long and with a long, slender, bushy tip almost reaching the ankle. Wild Buffaloes have dirty white stockings that are not as white as that of the Gaur. The female is smaller in size with thinner, less crescentic horns and lacks the white supraorbital flecks found in large males. Calves are hairy and fawn in colour, and at six months, horns appear with the coat reddening. B.a. fulvus is slightly smaller, with whitish marks around the muzzle and a whitish necklace especially visible in females. B.a. arnee does not exhibit much white on the body, the legs are more uniform in colour, the body is larger and so are the horns, and the tail is shorter than that of B.a. fulvus. The Wild Buffalo can be differentiated from domestic buffaloes and their hybrids by a number of characteristics including a straight back, larger and more spread-out horns, pinkish instead of white hairs in the insides of the ears, and large hooves leaving big telltale footprints.

BEHAVIOUR: The buffalo snorts, stomps its feet and shakes its head as it prepares to charge. It forms a tight herd around the young calves when threatened by predators.

DISTRIBUTION: Found in small isolated pockets in north–east India, central India.

HABITAT: Low-lying alluvial grasslands, riparian forests and woodlands. In
central India in well-watered, dry deciduous forests.

Size: 150–300 cm,

Wt: 300–1,200 kg

IUCN Status: Endangered 

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