SHORT-TAILED MOLE/Behaviour, Distribution, Habitat, Size, Weight, IUCN stetus


DESCRIPTION: Alternately called the Eastern or Himalayan Mole, it is covered with dense, black, velvety fur with the only exposed parts being its pinkish nose pad and large shovel-like forefeet. Its fur is pliable and can lie in any direction, helping it to scurry backwards and forwards in low burrows. The glossy fur does not allow earth to stick to it. The tail is short and wholly black. The eyes are small and reduced. The incisors are small, the canines are bicuspid and large, three small premolars are unicuspid and the fourth one is large.

BEHAVIOUR: Unlike European moles, this species does not shovel earth out of its burrows and so does not leave telltale molehills on the ground. It is territorial by nature.

DISTRIBUTION: Central and Eastern Himalayas, including Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Meghalaya,and Sikkim .

HABITAT: The name ‘Himalayan Mole’ is a misnomer; it was once thought to be found only in the hills, but it is, in fact, a forest creature. Found in black vegetable mould areas where the original forest cover has been destroyed.

Size: 10–16 cm

IUCN Status: Least Concern


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