GREATER HORSESHOE BAT/Behaviour, Distribution, Habitat, Size, Weight, IUCN stetus


DESCRIPTION: A medium-sized grey–brown bat with long and dense as opposed to woolly fur, this bat can be told apart from the Intermediate and Rufous Horseshoe Bats by the shape of its connecting process and by the length of the forearm and the third metacarpal, once in hand. The Greater Horseshoe Bat has large ears and a narrow horseshoe. The sella is narrow and so is the pointed lancet, which has concave sides. R.f. proximus is a lighter grey–brown while R.f. tragatus is almost chestnut–brown on top. The undersides of both are pale buff.

BEHAVIOUR: It flies in a slow fluttering manner soon after dark. In the roost, these bats hang together in clusters, but once in the air they turn solitary feeders.

DISTRIBUTION: R.f. proximus in Jammu & Kashmir; R.f. tragatus in Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, northern West Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland. Recorded from 923 m118 to 3,500 m119 although in India recorded from 1,500–2,000 m.

HABITAT: Caves and ruins in wooded montane countryside.

Size: 5.6–7.9 cm

IUCN Status: Least Concern


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