GREATER SHORT-NOSED FRUIT BAT/Behaviour, Distribution, Habitat, Size, Weight, IUCN stetus

GREATER SHORT-NOSED FRUIT BAT

NAME: GREATER SHORT-NOSED FRUIT BAT

DESCRIPTION: The soft, silky and brown-furred Short-nosed Fruit Bat is half the size of the Indian Flying Fox. It has large, fur-lined coffee–brown ears with pale borders and dark brown wings marked by pale ‘fingers’. The first and second digits have two claws. A small tail, half free of the membrane between the thighs, is characteristic. Males are orange on the chin, sides of the chest, belly and thighs, whereas females have a paler grey belly and a tawny brown collar. The bats found in northern India are larger than those found in the south. C.s. scherzeri is dark with very short ears, long forearms and a small skull.

BEHAVIOUR: The male constructs a tent from stems to shelter itself, females and pups during the breeding season.

DISTRIBUTION: C.s. sphinx: throughout India except deserts and the high Himalayas; C.s.scherzeri: in the Nicobar Islands (sea level to 400 m).

HABITAT: Gardens,farmland and forests, although it roosts on roofs as well.

size: 6.4–11.3 cm

IUCN status: Least Concern

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