INDIAN FLYING FOX/Behaviour, Distribution, Habitat, Size, Weight, IUCN stetus

NAME: INDIAN FLYING FOX

DESCRIPTION: Possibly the best known bat in India, the Indian Flying Fox or Indian Fruit Bat has a chestnut-brown head with large black, pointed ears and huge black wings that it often folds over its tan or orange belly.The back is blackish brown with scattered pale hair. On folded wings, the rich colouration ofthe body can be fully covered, making the bat look dark. It has a long hairy snout with visible nostrils. P.g. leucocephalus of the Himalayas has longer and softer fur on its body.

BEHAVIOUR: The Indian Flying Fox constantly grooms itself. It hangs upside down to defecate and sprinkles urine on itself to keep cool in summer. The guano is a greyish black pellet, elongated and measuring 1-2 x 0.5 x 0.8 cm and can beseen in large agglomerations under roosts. It usually flies out about half an hour after sunset to feed. It takes in only the juice and discards chewed fruit; citrus fruits are not part of its diet. The bat flies over water and drinks before feeding.

DISTRIBUTION: P.g. leucocephalus: in the Himalayas, including Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur; P.g. giganteus: through peninsular India.

HABITAT: Large trees near human habitation along roads and avenues, near cropland and near water bodies.

size: 19.8-30 cm

lUCN Status: Least Concern 

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