RUFOUS HORSESHOE BAT/Behaviour, Distribution, Habitat, Size, Weight, IUCN stetus


DESCRIPTION: A medium-sized bat, the Rufous Horseshoe Bat is similar to the Greater and the Intermediate Horseshoe Bats. The pelage is dense, long and not woolly. Pelage colour is very variable ranging from orange to rufous in winter and dull brown or greyish in the summer. The ears are larger than the Intermediate Bat but smaller than the Greater Horseshoe Bat. The nose leaf is similar to the Greater Horseshoe Bat but slightly broader and the lancet is varied in shape.

BEHAVIOUR: Emerges soon after sunset and flies below canopy level, sometimes low at bush level and for first hour hawks on the wing. Then it rests for an hour or two, and sits on a branch and swoops on insects in a ‘flycatcher-like’ style.

DISTRIBUTION: R.r. rouxii in peninsular India. Recorded in Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, West Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland and Meghalaya.

HABITAT: Caves, tunnels, wells, temples and tree hollows in wet, humid forests.

Size: 4.2–6.6 cm

IUCN Status: Least Concern


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